THE ALL INDIA SERVICES (CONDUCT) RULES, 1968




In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the All-India Services Act, 1951 (61 of 1951), the Central Government after consultation with the Governments of the State concerned, hereby makes the following rules, namely:-
1. Short title and commencement. -
( 1) These rules may be called the All India Services (Conduct) Rules, 1968.
(2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

2. Definitions.- In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires-
( a) “Government” means-
( i) in the case of a member of the Service serving in connection with the affairs of the Union, the Central Government; or
(ii) in the case of a member of the Service serving under a Foreign Government or outside India (whether on duty or on leave), the Central Government; or
(iii) in the case of a member of the Service serving in connection with the affairs of a State, the Government of that State;

Explanation- . A member of the Service whose services are placed at the disposal of a company, corpo-ration or other organisation or a local authority by the Central Government or the Government or the Gov-ernment of a State shall for the purpose of these rules, be deemed to be a member of the Service serving in connection with the affairs of the Union or in connection with the affairs of that State, as the case may be, notwithstanding that his salary is drawn from the sources other than the Consolidated Fund of India or the Consolidated Fund of that State;
(b) ‘member of family’, in relation to a member of the service, includes-(
i) the wife or husband as the case may be of such member, whether residing with (such member) or not, but does not include a wife or husband separated from the member of the Service by a decree or order of competent court;
(ii) the son or daughter or the step-son or step-daughter of such member and wholly dependent (on such member) but does not include a child or step-child who is no longer in any way dependent (on such member) or of whose custody the member of the Service has been deprived by or under any law; and
(iii) any other person related, whether by blood or marriage, to such member or to his or her, wife or husband, as the case may be, and wholly dependent on such member.
(c) “member of the Service” means a member of an All India Service as defined in section 2 of the All India Services Act, 1951 (61 of 1951)
(d) “private undertaking” includes a company, firm or association or body of individuals

3. General.-
( 1) Every member of the Service shall at all times maintain absolute integrity and devotion to duty and shall do nothing which is unbecoming of a member of the Service.
(2) Every member of the Service shall take all possible steps to ensure integrity of, and devotion to duty by, all Government servants for the time being under his control and authority.
(2A) Every member of the service shall in the discharge of his duties act in a courteous manner and shall not dilatory tactics in his dealings with the public or otherwise.
(3)(i) No member of the Service shall, in the performance of his official duties, or in the exercise of powers conferred on him, act otherwise than in his own best judgment to be true and correct except when he is acting under the direction of his official superior.
(3)(ii) The direction of the official superior shall ordinarily be in writing. Where the issue of oral direction becomes unavoidable, the official superior shall confirm it in writing immediately thereafter.
(3)(iii) A member of the Service who has received oral direction from his official superior shall seek confir-mation of the same in writing as early as possible and in such case, it shall be the duty of the official superior to confirm the direction in writing.

Explanation I.- A member of the Service who habitually fails to perform a task assigned to him within the time set for the purpose and with the quality of performance expected of him shall be deemed to be lacking in devotion to duty within the meaning of the sub-rule (1);

Explanation II.- Nothing in clause (i) of sub-rule (3) shall be construed as empowering a Government servant to evade his responsibilities by seeking instructions from or approval of, a superior officer or authority when such instructions are not necessary under the scheme of distribution of powers and responsibilities.

4. Employment of near relatives in companies or firms.
(1) No member of the Service shall use his position or influence directly or indirectly to secure employ-ment for any member of his family with any private undertaking.
(2)(a) No member of the Service shall, except with the previous sanction of the Government, permit (a member of his family) to accept employment with any (private undertaking) having official dealings with the Government. Provided that where the acceptance of such employment cannot await the sanction of the Govern-ment or is otherwise considered urgent, the matter shall be reported to the Government, and the employment may be accepted provisionally subject to the sanction of the Government.
(2)(b) A member of the Service shall, as soon as-he becomes aware of the fact of acceptance by a member of his family of an employment with any private undertaking report to the Government the fact of such acceptance and also whether he has or has had any official dealings with that private undertaking: Provided that no such report shall be necessary if the member of the Service has already obtained sanc-tion of, or sent a report to, the Government under clause (a).
(3)(a) No member of the Service shall in the discharge of his official duties, deal with any matter relating to, or award any contract in favour of a private undertaking or any other person, if any members of his family is employed in that private undertaking or under that person or if he or any member of his family is interested in such private undertaking or other person in any other manner.
(3)(b) In any case referred to in clause (a), the member of the Service shall refer the matter to his official superior and the case shall thereafter be disposed of according to the instructions of the official supe-rior.


5. Taking part in politics and elections:-
( 1) No member of the Service shall be a member of, or be otherwise associated with, any political party or any organization which takes part in politics, nor shall he take part in, or subscribe in aid of, or assist in any other manner, any political movement or political activity.
(2) It shall be the duty of every member of the Service to endeavour to prevent any member of his family from taking part in or subscribing in aid of or assisting in any other manner, any movement of, activity which is, or tends directly or indirectly to be subversive of the Government as by law estab-lished, and where a member of the Service is unable to prevent member of his family from taking part in or subscribing in aid of, or assisting in any other manner, any such movement of activity, he shall make a report to that effect to the Government.
(3) If any question arises whether any movement or activity falls within the scope of this rule, the ques-tion shall be referred to the Government for its decision.
(4) No member of the Service shall canvass or otherwise interfere with, or use his influence in connection with, or take part in, an election to any legislature or local authority:-Provided that
(i) a member of the Service qualified to vote at any such election may exercise his right to vote but where he does so he shall give no indication of the manner in which he proposes to vote or has voted, and
(ii) a member of the Service shall not be deemed to have contravened the provisions of this sub-rule by reason only that he has assisted in the conduct of an election in the due performance of a duty imposed on him by or under any law for the time being in force.

Explanation- The display by member of the Service, on his person, vehicle or residence of any electoral symbol shall amount to using his influence in connection with an election, within the meaning of this sub-rule.

6. Connection with press or radio-
Previous sanction of the Government shall not be required when the member of the service, in the bonafide discharge of his duties or otherwise, publishes a book or contributes to or participates in a public media. Provided that he shall observe the provisions of rules and at all times make it clear that the views expressed, are of his own and not those of the Government.

7. Criticism of Government.-
No member of the Service shall, in any radio broadcast or communication over any public media or in any document published anonymously, pseudonymously or in his own name or in the name of any other person or in any communication to the press or in any public utterance, make any statement of fact or opinion,-
( i) which has the effect of an adverse criticism of any current or recent policy or action of the Central Government or a State Government; or
(ii) which is capable of embarrassing the relations between the Central Government and any State Government; or
(iii) which is capable of embarrassing the relations between the Central Government and the Govern-ment of any Foreign State: Provided that nothing in this rule shall apply to any statement made or views expressed by a member of the Service in his official capacity and in the due performance of the duties assigned to him.

8.Evidence before committees etc.-
( 1) Save as provided in sub-rule (3), no member of the Service shall except with the previous sanction of the Government, give evidence in connection with any inquiry conducted by any person, committee or other authority.
(2) Where any sanction has been accorded under sub-rule (1) no member of the Service giving such evi-dence shall criticize the policy or any action of the Central Government or of a State Government.
(3) Nothing in this rule shall apply to-
( 3)(a) evidence given at any inquiry before an authority appointed by the Government, or by Parliament or by a State Legislature; or
(3)(b) evidence given in any judicial inquiry; or
(3)(c) evidence given at departmental inquiry ordered by any authority subordinate to the Government.
(4) No member of the Service giving any evidence referred to in sub-rule (3) shall give publicity to such evidence.

9.Unauthorised communication of information.-

No member of the Service shall except in accordance with any general or special order of the Govern-ment or in the performance in good faith of duties assigned to him, communicate directly or indirectly any official document or part thereof or information to any Government servant or any other person to whom he is not authorised to communicate such document or information.

Explanation.- Quotation by a member of the Service (in his representations to the Head of Office or Head of Department or President) of, or from, any letter, circular or office memorandum or from the notes on any file to which he is not authorised to have access, or which he is not authorised to keep in his personal custody or for personal purposes, shall amount to authorised communication of infor-mation within the meaning of this rule.

10. Subscriptions.-

No member of the Service shall, except with the previous sanction of the Government or of such authority as may be empowered by it in his behalf ask for, or accept, contributions to or otherwise associate himself with the raising of any fund or other collections in cash or in kind in pursuance of any object whatsoever.

11. Gifts.-
( 1) A member of the service may accept gifts from his near relatives or from his personal friends having no official dealings with them, on occasions such as wedding, anniversaries, funerals and religious functions when the making of gifts is in conformity with the prevailing religious and social practice, but he shall make a report to the Government if the value of such gift exceeds rupees five thousand. Explanation- For the purposes of this rule “gift” includes free transport, free boarding, free lodging or any other service or pecuniary advantage when provided by a person other than a near relative or personal friend having no official dealings with the member of the Service but does not include a casual meal, casual lift or other social hospitality.
(2) Save as otherwise provided in sub-rule (1), no member of the service shall accept any gift without the sanction of the Government if the value of gift exceeds rupees one thousand.
(3) Omitted.
(4) Member of the Service shall avoid accepting lavish hospitality or frequent hospitality from individuals having official dealings with them or from industrial or commercial firms or other organisations. Substituted vide DP&T Notification No. 11017/40/87-AIS (III),dated 22-2-88.
11-A. Giving or taking of dowry.-No member of the Service shall-
( i) give or take or abet the giving or taking of dowry; or
(ii) demand, directly or indirectly, from the parents or guardian of a bride or bridegroom, as the case may be, any dowry.

Explanation.- For the purpose of the rule, “dowry” has the same meaning as in the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 (28 of 1961).

12. Public demonstrations in honour of Government Servants.-
( 1) No member of the Service shall except with the previous sanction of the Government, receive any complimentary or valedictory address or accept any testimonial or attend any meeting or entertain-ment held in his honour or in the honour of any other Government Servant.: Provided that nothing in this rule shall apply to-
(i) a farewell entertainment of a substantially private and informal character held in honour of a member of the Service or any other Government servant on the occasion of his retirement or transfer or of any person who has recently quit service of Government; or
(ii) the acceptance of simple and inexpensive entertainments arranged by public bodies or institutions.
(2) No member of the Service shall exercise pressure of any sort or any Government servant to induce him to subscribe towards any farewell entertainment even, if it is of a substantially private and infor-mal character.

 
13. Private Trade or Employment.-


( 1) Subject to the provisions of sub-rule (2), no member of the Service shall except, with the previous sanction of the Government,-
( a) engage directly or indirectly in any trade or business, or
(b) negotiated for or undertake, any other employment, or
(c) hold an elective office, or canvass for a candidate or candidates for an elective office, in any body, whether incorporated or not, or
(d) canvass in support of any business of insurance agency, commission agency etc. owned or man-aged by any member of his family, or
(e) take part, except in the discharge of his official duties, in the registration, promotion or management of any bank or other company registered or required to be registered under the Companies Act, 1956 (of 1956), or any other law for the time being in force, or of any co-operative society for commercial purposes.
(f) Participate in, or associate himself in any manner, in the making of:-
( i) a sponsored media (including radio, television) programme; or
(ii) a media programme commissioned by Government media, but produced by an outside agency; or
(iii) a privately produced radio or television or other media programme including a video magazine: Provided that no previous permission shall be necessary in the case a member of the service partici-pates in a programme produced by the Doordarshan on a subject dealt with by him in his official capacity.
(2) A member of the Service may, without the previous sanction of the Government,-(
a) undertake honorary work of a social or charitable nature, or
(b) undertake occasional work of a literary, artistic or scientific character, or
(c) participate in sports activities as an amateur, or
(d) take part in the registration, promotion or management (not involving the holding of an elective office) of a literary, scientific or charitable society, or of a club, or similar organisation, the aims, objectives of which relate to promotion of sports, cultural, or recreation activities, registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860), or any other law for the time being in force; or
(e) take part in the registration, promotion or management (not involving the holding of an elective office) of a co-operative society substantially for the benefit of the members of the Service or govern-ment servants registered under the Co-operative Societies Act, 1912 (2 of 1912), or any other law for the time being in force in any State :
Provided that,-
( i)he shall discontinue taking part in such activities if so directed by the Government; and
(ii)in a case falling under clause (d), or clause (e) of this sub-rule, his official duties shall not suffer thereby and he shall, within a period of one month of his taking part in such activity, report to the Government giving details of the nature of his participation.
(3) Every member of the Service shall, if any member of his family is engaged in a trade or business, or owns or manages an insurance agency or commission agency, report that fact to the Government.
(4) No member of the Service shall accept any fee for any work done for any public body or for any private person without the sanction of the Government.
(5) Contesting election to sports bodies etc. :- Subject to the provisions of sub-rule (2) of rule 13, no member of the service shall, except with the previous sanction of the Central Government:-
( i) hold an elective office in any sports association/ federation / body, by whatever name known at State/ National level for a turn of more than 4 years or for one term, whichever is less: provided that this restriction will not apply to functionaries like the District Magistrate, Superintendent of Police etc. when they hold posts in ex-officio capacity at Divisional/ District/ Sub-divisional/ Taluk Levels;
(ii) Canvass either for his own candidature or for any other person for holding elective office in such sports bodies is mentioned in clause (i) above;
(iii) While canvassing for contesting elections either on his own behalf or any other person, indulge in conduct and becoming a member of the service;
(iv) Shall proceed on travel abroad in connection with the work or other activities of any sports bodies described in clause (I) above without prior cadre clearance from the Central Government

Explanation:

 Fee means a recurring or non-recurring payment made, whether directly or indi-rectly to a member of the Service from a source other than the Consolidated Fund of India or the Consolidated Fund of a State, but does not include :-
( a) unearned income such as income from property, dividends and interest on securities; and
(b) Income from literary, cultural, artistic, scientific, or technological efforts and income from participation in sports activities as an amateur.
13-A Use of Government accommodation:-No member of the service shall sublet, lease or otherwise allow occupation by any other person, of Govern-ment accommodation which has been allotted to him.

14. Investments, lending and borrowing.-


(1) No member of the Service shall speculate in any stock, share or other investments but this provi-sion will not apply to occasional investment made through Stock brokers or other persons duly authorised or licensed under the relevant law.

Explanation.- Frequent purchase or sale or both, shares, securities or other investments shall be deemed to be speculation within the meaning of this sub-rule.
(2) No member of the service shall make or permit any member of his family or any person acting on his behalf to make, any investment which is likely to embarrass or influence him in the discharge of his official duties. For this purpose, any purchase of shares from out of the quotas reserved for Directors or their friends and associates, shall be deemed to be an investment which is likely to embarrass the Government Servant.
(3) If any question arises whether any transaction is of the nature referred to in sub-rule (1) or sub-rule
(2), it shall be referred to the Government for its decision.
(4)(i) No member of the Service shall save in the ordinary course of business with a bank or a public limited company, himself or through any member of his family or any person acting on his behalf.
(a) lend or borrow or deposit money as a principle or agent, to, or from, or with, any person or firm or private limited company within the local limits of his authority or with whom he is likely to have official dealings or otherwise place himself under pecuniary obligation to such person or firm; or
(b) lend money to any person at interest or in manner whereby return in money or kind is charged or paid; Provided that a member of the Service may give to, or accept from a relative or a personal friend a purely temporary loan of small amount free of interest or operate a credit account with a bonafide tradesman or make an advance of pay to his private employee : Provided further that nothing in this sub-rule shall apply in respect of any transaction, entered into by a member of the Service with the previous sanction of the Government.
(4) (ii) When a member of the Service is appointed or transferred to a post of such nature as would involve him in the breach of any of the provisions of sub-rule (2) or sub-rule (4), he shall, forthwith report the circum-stances to the Government and shall thereafter act in accordance with such order as may be made by the Government.


15. Insolvency and habitual indebtedness.-


(1) A member of the Service shall so manage his private affairs as to avoid habitual indebtedness or insol-vency.
(2) A member of the Service against whom any legal proceedings is instituted for recovery of any debt due from or for adjudging him as an insolvent, shall forthwith report the full acts of such legal proceedings to the Government.
(3) The burden of proving that indebtedness or insolvency is the result of circumstances which, with the exercise of ordinary diligence, the member of the Service could not have foreseen or over which he had no control, and has not proceeded from extravagant or dissipated habits, shall be upon him.

16. Movable, immovable and valuable property.-

(1) Every person shall, where such person is a member of the Service at the commencement of these rules, before such date after such commencement as may be specified by the Government in this behalf, or where such person becomes a member of the Service after such commencement, on his first ap-pointment to the Service, submit a return of his assets and liabilities in such form as may be prescribed by the Government giving the full particulars regarding :-
( a) the immovable property owned by him, or inherited or acquired by him or held by him on lease or mortgage, either in his own name or in the name of any member of his family or in the name of any other person;
(b) shares, debentures, postal Cumulative Time Deposits and cash including bank deposits inherited by him or similarly owned, acquired or held by him;
(c) other movable property inherited by him or similarly owned, acquired or held him; and
(d) debts and other liabilities incurred by him directly or indirectly

NOTE I.-In all returns, the values of items of movable property worth less than Rs.15,000 in value may be added and shown as a lump sum. The value of articles of daily use such as clothes, utensils, crockery and books need not be included in such return.
NOTE II.- Where a member of an All India Service is appointed as a member of another All India Service, he shall not be required to submit a fresh return under this sub-rule.
(2) Every member of the Service shall submit an annual return in such form as may be prescribed by the Government in this regard, giving full particulars regarding the immovable property inherited by him or owned or acquired by him or held by him on lease or mortgage, either in his own name or in the name of any member of his family or in the name of any other person.
(3) No member of the Service shall, except with the previous knowledge of the Government,-
( a) acquire any immovable property by lease, mortgage, purchase, gift or otherwise, either in his own name or in the name of any member of his family; or
(b) dispose of by lease, mortgage, sale gift or otherwise any immovable property owned by him or held by him either in his own name or in the name of any member of his family: Provided that the previous sanction of the Government shall be obtained if any such transaction is with a person having official dealings with the member of the Service.
(4) Every member of the Service shall intimate the Government in respect of each transaction, whose value exceeds Rs.15,000/- within a month of the completion of such transaction. Provided that the previous sanction of the Government shall be obtained if any such transaction is with a person having official dealings with the member of the Service.
(5) The Government or any authority empowered by it in this behalf may, at any time, by general or special order, require a member of the Service to furnish within a period specified in the order, a full and complete statement of such movable or immovable property held or acquired by him or on his behalf or by any member of his family as may be specified in the order and such statement shall if so required by the Government or by the authority so empowered, include details of the means by which, or the source from which such property was acquired.

Explanation I.- For the purpose of this rule, the expression movable property includes inter alia the following property, namely :-
(a) jewellery, insurance policies the annual premia of which exceeds a fifteen thousand rupees or one sixth of the total annual emoluments received by the member of the Service from the Govern-ment, whichever is less, shares, securities and debentures;
(b) loans advanced by or to such member of the Service, whether secured or not;
(c) motor cars, motor cycles, horses, or any other means of conveyance; and
(d) refrigerators, radiograms and television sets.

Explanation II.- For the purpose of this rule, ‘lease’ means, except where it is obtained from, or granted to, a foreign national or foreign mission or a foreign organisation controlled by, or associated with, foreign mis-sions, or a person having official dealings with the member of the Service, a lease of immovable property from year to year or for any term exceeding one year or receiving a yearly rent.
16-A. Transaction in immovable property outside India.-Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule (3) of rule 16, no member of the Service shall except with the previous sanction of the Government,-
( a) acquire by lease, mortgage, purchase, gift or otherwise, either in his own name or in the name of any member of his family, any immovable property situated outside India; or
(b) dispose of by mortgage, sale, gift or otherwise, or grant any lease in respect of, any immovable property situated outside India which was acquired or is held by him either in his own name or in the name of any member of his family; or
(c) enter into any transaction with any foreigner, foreign Government, foreign organisation or concern,-
( i) for the acquisition, by lease, mortgage, purchase, gift or otherwise, either in his own name or in the name of any member of his family, of any immovable property.
(ii) for the disposal of, by mortgage, sale, gift or otherwise, or the grant of any lease in respect of any, immovable property which was acquired or is held by him either in his own name or in the name of any member of his family.

17. Vindication of acts and character of members of the Service. -

No member of the Service shall, except with the previous sanction of the Government have recourse to any court or to the press for the vindication of official act which has been the subject matter of adverse criticism or attack of a defamatory character. Provided that if no such sanction is conveyed to by the Government within 12 weeks from the date of receipt of the request, the member of the service shall be free to assume that the sanction sought for has been granted to him.

Explanation.- Nothing in this rule shall be deemed to prohibit a member of the Service from vindicating his private character or any act done by him in his private capacity. Provided that he shall submit a report to the Government regarding such action.
17-A Observance of cultural norms.-Every member of the service in his personal capacity or otherwise shall -
( i) observe strictly, the existing policies regarding age of marriage,preservation of the Environment,Wild Life and Cultural heritage:
(ii) observe the existing policies regarding crime against women and
(iii) observe the two children family norms.

18. Canvassing.-

No member of the Service shall bring or attempt to bring any political or other influence to bear upon any superior authority to further interests in respect of matters pertaining to his service under the Government.

19. Restriction regarding marriage.-


( 1) No member of the Service shall enter into, or contract a marriage with a person having a spouse living; and
(2) no member of the Service having a spouse living, shall enter into, or contract, a marriage with any person : Provided that the Government may permit a member of the Service to enter into or contract, any such marriage as is referred to in clause (1) or clause (2) if it is satisfied that-
( a) Such marriage is permissible under the personal law applicable to such member of the Service and the other party to the marriage and
(b) there are other grounds for so doing.
(3) A member of the Service who has married or marries a person other than of Indian Nationality shall forthwith intimate the fact to the Government.
19-A.- [Deleted]

20. Consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs.- A member of the Service shall-


( a) strictly abide by any law relating in intoxicating drinks or drugs in force in any area in which he may happen to be for the time being;
(b) not be under the influence of any intoxicating drink or drug during the course of his duty and shall also take due care that the performance of his duties at any time is not affected in any way by the influence of such drink or drug;
(bb) not consume any intoxicating drink or drug in a public place;
(c) not appear in a public place in a state of intoxication;
(d) not use such drinks or drugs to excess.

Explanation.- For the purpose of this rule, ‘public place’ means any place or premises (including a con-veyance) to which the public have or are permitted to have, access whether on payment or other-wise.

21. Interpretation.-

If any doubt arises as to the interpretation of these rules, the Central Government shall decide the same.

22. Delegation of powers.-

The Government may, by general or special order, direct that any power exercisable by it under these rules (except the power under rule 21 or the power under this rule) shall, subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the order, be exercisable also by such officer or authority as may be specified in the order.

23. Ceaser and saving.-

The All India Services (Conduct) Rules, 1954 (hereinafter referred to as the said rules), shall cease to be in force: Provided that the ceaser shall not affect-
( a) the previous operation of, or anything duly done or suffered under, the said rule; or
(b) any right, privilege, obligation, liability acquired, accrued or incurred under the said rules; or
(c) any penalty or punishment incurred under the said rules; or
(d) any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right, privilege, obligation, liability penalty or punishment as aforesaid; and any such investigation, legal proceeding or remedy may be instituted, continued or enforced and any such penalty or punishment may be imposed as if the said rules had not ceased to be in force. - - - - - -